Original Articles

Essays covering a range of topics from weightlifting biomechanics; injury susceptibility in sport; weightlifting training; weightlifting sports science.

Ankle Squats

Squatting with feet inside the pelvis, i.e., ‘ankle squats’; with shins tilting forward as much as possible (see figure and video); strengthens the calf musculature, especially soleus; by a process called reverse – origin – insertion – contraction. The soleus muscle is lengthened under tension; as the shins tilt forward. Subsequently, these muscles pull the shins backwards as they contract. Returning the shins from the tilted disposition acts to straighten knee and hip; as all links are interconnected through ankle, knee and hip joints.

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Semantics and Ambiguity

researchers of injury susceptibility of the female athlete in sport focus on the preposterous premise of altering unalterable inherent traits: undulating fluctuation of hormones, mobility of joints, inherent skeletal features, extensibility of ligaments, and so forth, i.e., drawing lines, nature itself refused to draw.  

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Weightlifting Exercises Out of Sync: Part II: pulls to stick

The basic premise of this exercise: one is to learn the necessary height of lifting in the pull to lift a maximum weight in the classic exercise. The height of lifting needed to fix a weight in either the snatch or the clean is determined for a given athlete. For instance, this was considered to be about sternum height for the snatch.  

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Elastic energy in the classic weightlifting exercises: a coupling of Physics & Physiology

there is little if anything in the literature concerning the affect of barbell oscillation/vibration on the weightlifter’s physiology; likewise, the skill to coordinate release of elastic energies from the barbell’s elastic recoil with those energies from the weightlifter’s bio – springs. The effects of barbell vibration/oscillation and deflection (bend) on weightlifting technique involves physics, physiology and the weightlifter’s skill to coordinate the two: the physics with physiology.  

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